Last Indian Battles

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First Public Presentation

AT THE

COLUMBIA THEATRE

WASHINGTON, D. C.

February 27

1914

UNDER AUSPICES OF THE

National Press Club.

THE COL. W. F. CODY

(Buffalo Bill)

Historical Pictures Company

DEPICTING THE

LAST INDIAN BATTLES

AND FINAL SURRENDER TO

Lieutenant-General Nelson A. Miles

WITH

COLONEL W. F. CODY—BUFFALO BILL

as Chief of Scouts, under whose Personal Directions these Historical Moving Pictures Were Produced by the

ESSANAY FILM MANUFACTURING COMPANY, of CHICAGO, ILL.

COL. W. F. CODY (Buffalo Bill) As He is [Today]

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ANNOUNCEMENT

IN OFFERING THESE HISTORICAL PICTURES OF THE FRONTIER

Wars For Civilization

FOR APPROVAL

Col. W. F. Cody, "Buffalo Bill"

And his associates have the honor of a special invitation to first present them before the Member of

THE HOME CLUB

OF WASHINGTON, D. C.

On Thursday Evening February 26th, 1914

And this honor carries with it the distinction of being the initial entertainment to be given at the

"NEW HOME CLUB"

Just previous to its official opening

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From the War Path to the Peace Pipe—Echoes from the Pine Ridge Hills in a National Narrative With the Old Guard in the Saddle. As Told by Colonel William F. Cody, Himself.

My object and desire has been to preserve history by the aid of the camera with as many of the living participants in the closing Indian wars of North America as could be procured. It is something that has never been done before; that is, to preserve our old wars for future generations by living or moving pictures.

I first broached this subject to Secretary of War Lindley M. Garrison and Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, and they approved of taking these remarkable pictured, provided they could be made historically correct, and would tell the story of the old Indian wars and the progress of the Indian from the days of savagery up to the present time. Secretary Garrison gave me permission to use the United States troops for this expedition, and Secretary Lane authorized the mobilization of the Indians necessary for the purpose.

On the Trail at Summit Springs

Then I looked around and found as many of the old time army officers as are now living, who had actually participated in these campaigns and events that occurred twenty-five to forty years ago, and I finally succeeded in getting them to agree to appear in reproducing these battle with the aid of the modern camer, true to life and history. My efforts were rewarded in securing such men as General Nelson A. Miles, General Jesse N. Lee, General Frank D. Baldwin, General Marion P. Maus, General Charles King, and Colonel H. G. Sickles, now colonel of the 12th U. S. Cavalry. These men, of course, were then younger, and with less rank than they have at the present time.

We then proceeded to the Pine Ridge fought the Indians at the Battle of Warbonnett Creek.

We were six or seven weeks taking the pictures of these different battles. The Agency in South Dakota, where the last Indian battles were fought and there took the pictures of the campaign of 1890 and 1891, known as the Ghost Dance or Messiah Craze War, which included the capture of Chief Big Foot and his followers, December 28th; the Battle of Wounded Knee, December 29th; under command of General James William Forsyth, with the 7th Cavalry; and the Battle of the Mission, December 30th, 1890, where General Guy V. Henry went to the relief of the 7th Cavalry. We also took other battles, namely, the Battle of Summit Springs, which was fought on June 11, 1869, on the eastern borders of Colorado under command of General Eugene A. Carr, and the battle known as Warbonnet Creek, fought on July 17, 1876, under command of General Welesy Merritt. General Charles King was at that time the adjutant of the 5th Cavalry, and it was that organization which pictures are made much more interesting and valuable because of the fact that they cannot be again reproduced; as the same men, not only the army officers, but a great many of the old time Indians who originally participated in these engagemetns, are growing too old to ever again appear in a reproduction of these scenes and incidents. Several of the original participants have died since these reproductions were staged a few months ago. Consequently the pictures will be as valuable a hundred years from now for the entertainment and enlightenment of future generations as they are today. And it was only the aid of the prefected camera that these scenes could be taken, and perpetuated for future generations.

If these pictures lack anything in dramatic effect it is because they have been taken true to life with no attempt to stage the production, as in actual war there is no time or purpose to pose foe the camera and these films are intended to be authentic and correct.

There will be a set of these reels, covering over seven miles of films, placed in the archives of the War Department, and also in the Interior Department, to be kept for future use and educational purposes.

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THE STORY AS ILLUSTRATED BY THE MOVING PICTURES.

The evolution of photography, which, from the advent of Daguere to these Edisonian days, has through the marvelous movies worked wonders, not adds another form of value to its usefulness, in its aid in registering historic subjects.

The Col. W. F. Cody (Buffalo Bill)

Col. Cody Consulting With General Miles

Historical Picture Company's replica of war path scenes and frontier time fac-similies presents the trailing, scouting maneuvers leading up to three thrilling battle events in three stirring campaigns in Indian warfare, from 1869 to '91; and the closing chapter in a drama covering 30 years—the final—forever—Indian Peace Congress—with the leading principals in the saddle now, as then.

This has been accomplished by the recognition of the worth of such work gaining the assistance of the Hon. Lindley M. Garrison, Secretary of War, Major-General Leonard Wood, Chief of Staff, U. S. A., and Secretary of Interior Franklin K. Lane, and other government officials who discovered in it a facile manner of instructing the masses in the history of the closing era, after the Civil War.

It is fitting that such stirring times in national history should be made familiar to the younger inheritors and the million of adopted citizens who enjoy the benefits now, living on the very raiding ranges and battle grounds that fate decided, perhaps, harshly, the "survival of the fittest."

The Cody historical company was greatly facilitated in its work of authentic depiction of some of the most noted survivors of that militant missionary corps, which the United States army really was, as protectors of the pioneer; men who endured not only the trials, hardships and dangers of a singularly savage method of warfare, but the climatic terrors and obstacles that the then isolated half of the continent presented.

Leading them has been one whose successes have been predominating; one of the last commanding figures among the gallant army officers classed as "Indian fighters" and the last victor in the last chapter—the Messiah Craze Ghost Dance War of 1890-1891, namely, the veteran of three wars—Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles. This distinguished soldier in action and diplomat in victory, kindly consented to step out of his honored retire

[Pictured Below: Scouting at War Bonnet Creek.]

Scouting at War Bonnet Creek

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Capture of the Emigrant Train

ment to figure as he did twenty-two years ago in that, to him, most treasured memory, the final surrender, the last peace pact to live in future Indian Legends as the Pacificator. Major-General Jesse M. Lee, Brigadier General Charles King, Brigadier General Frank Baldwin, Brigadier General Marion Maus, all old coadjutors from the'60's whose stars were all won by the merrit route. Colonel Sicklews, now in active command of the Twelfth U.S. Cavalry, who was , an officers in the celebrated Seventh U.S. Cavalry, was in the original Messiah Ghost Dance campaign, and the incidental battles of Wounded Knee and the Mission, was fortunately in command of Fort Robinson, the nearest post, and was a wondrous factor with his battalions or regulars in aiding the cause of faithful portrayal. "Short Bull," still a moving spirit, in a more moderate religious sense, among his people, led in person hundreds of warriors, many veterans of the warpath of the powerful Red Cloud, Ogallalla and Spotted Tail Brule Sioux through the familiar scenes that will now be preserved, which would otherwise be distorted tribe lore, when even the picturesque garb of the La Ketas will be only seen in State and National museums. This rallying of the clansmen of the other days, as it were, was a tribute to one who represented a distinctive class that can never be duplicated, a class combining with the nomadic white man's characteristics, the nature lore and traits of the Indian--all rallied to assist that product of border land, praire born, boyhood schooled and in manhood developed all-around-frontiersman, hunter, guide and army scout, Col. W. F. Cody--"Buffalo Bill." The old scout therefore had efficint aides in depicting the eventful battle of "Summit Springs" and death of Cheif Tall Bull, through Colonel Cody's unerrung aim, in 1869--forty-four years ago. The battle of "War Bonnet Creek" in the war of 1876 (Custer Campaign) thrity-seven years ago, when Yellow Hand left the warpath in a hand to hand "duel to the death" with "Buffalo Bill;" his frustrated efforts after coming from Europe to meet and dissuade "Sitting Bull" (his once enemy, later friend) from uprising, and his moral influence as Bridadier General, Nebraska National Guard, in contributing to peaceful results attending the last Indian campaign, 1891, at Pine Ridge, this being the finish of an experience covering activities for over half a century in frontier annals. What this means as a page to the world's records in an important epoch in the history of man is best illstrated by a reverie of moving pictures of the long, eventful past. Suppose "we had among us tonight" a man who saw Washington and his ill-clad patriots braving the rigors of winter crossing the Delware amid floating ice; how intensely interesting would the narrative be, and what crowds would be thrilled with patriotic sympathy and pride in the telling of the dnagers faced for our good by the "Father of his Country." Could some one impress the younger inhabitants "that there were others' down to our very own generation who went through similar trials, fatigues and dangers to complete their work and togive their foundling republic leeway for its millions and enable it to reach its present fabulous status as quickly among nations, what series of educative, soul-stirring recitals would their lecture be. It is on these lines that lies the meritorious pre-eminence of the 1913 Pine Ridge Campaign, touching from a period of 44 years past down to te Messiah Ghost Dance Craze War, moving pictures to arouse patriotic sentiment and show the untraveled that the Peace Congress leaves them a legacy to preserve--the freedom of the white-winged Angel of Peace to fly untrammeled from ocean to ocean and warable the hymn of Amity to the world. They will see the rugged old soldier, Lieutenant General Nelson A. miles, who led a firing line 52 years ago, sided by a prestorial guard of seasoned star-decked comrades, and the old scout Cody--"Buffalo Bill," with their new red friends, showing how thy planted a grove of olive tress--not a tender branch at the end, and ever this most sanguinary of historic warpaths.

Troops Going Into Action

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