notion. Thirty-five of the fifty-three girls in the first class in 1902-1903 were University women not enrolled in the school itself. For this reason Miss Bouton was opposed to being moved to the farm campus. "I believe most firmly that there is a great need of this work among our college young women," she said, "and I desire most earnestly that the opportunity shall not be taken away from them." When, in 1906, the college course in home economics was expanded to four years, part of the purpose was to train domestic science teachers. As the regents recognized, the school was designed to benefit two calsses of women: those who expected "to use their training as a mean of maintenance for themselves and others"-- that is, professionally-- and those were "studying for the sake of general information and culture, and desire to make their lives helpful and efficient in the home." In general, as the regents said, it was the school's underlying philosophy "to raise the standards of home life among our people, to help individuals become healthier and happier and a greater power for intellectual and moral good in the community."
Despite Miss Bouton's opposition, the School of Domestic Sciene was not destined to remain on the downtown campus. In 1905 the legislature appropriated funds to construct a women's building on the farm campus and in January, 1909, after the completion of the building, the school was moved to the farm.
Agricultural Experimentation Comes of Age
While course work was struggling to finds its proper place within the University, experiment work proceeded at a brisk pace. In 1899 and 1900 experiments were being conducted at the agricultural experiment sation which indicated that a number of foreign grasses were suitable to Nebraska's semiarid climate, and it wsa found that Hungarian brome grass was "the best cultivated pasture grass ever tried in this region." Turkestan alfalfa also was doing well. Work with new varities of winter wheat and on sugar beets cotninued, and investigation into the production of meat and milk from crops adapted to the region. There was also study of forage crops, methods of soil tillage, animal diseases (especially hog cholera), and windmill irrigation. Projects initiated later in the decade included a study of the water requirements of corn, an investigation into nitrogren requirements of various crops, a study of new methods of fattening beef cattle, and an experiment concerning the proper methods of tillage.
Typical of the men who contributed to the development of scientific agriculture in Nebraska was Dr. Samuel Avery, who was named professor of agricultural chemistry in 1902. Possessed of a practical tur of mind, Avery was naturally interested in finding solutions for agricultural problems. He became an authority on insecticides, and he discovered the cause of the cornstalk disease which cost Nebraska farmers millions of dollars annually. And it was Avery who resolved the "bleached flour case." Because Turkey Red wheat, the newly introduced winter wheat, yielded a slightly yellowish flour when ground, housewives refused to buy it. The millers began to bleach the flour, but when the federal government demanded that it be labeled as bleached, the demand for it dropped. At a trial of the millers versus the federal government, Avery gave evidence to prove that bleaching did not destroy the flour's nutritive qualities, and the labeling order was rescinded. Consequently, Turkey Red wheat regined its popularity, bringing about a probable five-cent-per-bushel increase for Nebraska wheat farmers.
E. A. Burnett, professor of animal husbandry, who came to the University in 1889 from the State University of South Dakota, directed many significants experiments in stock breeding and feeding. In 1903, Challenger, a steer owned
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